Saturday, April 16, 2011 by skemarangkaian
Cellphone battery charging process when we're done traveling is a big problem. Because when traveling source of power supply is generally difficult to find. If you turn on your phone then the battery continuously over time will run out within a period of five to six hours and eventually mobile phones unusable. Here is described a series of simple charger that will increase battery life two to three hours.
In principle, the charger uses a series of Limited Voltage Current Source. Generally requires cellphone battery voltage 3.6 - 6 volts DC and currents 180-200 mA to perform the charging process. Cellphone battery usually consists of three NiCd battery cells, and each cell has a voltage of 1.2 volts potential. At the speed - average low flows required to charge mobile phone battery about - about 100mA.
In this series there is a 12V voltage source consists of 8 regular battery cells (each cell 1.5 Volt) able to supply current at 1.8 A which is connected with output terminals.
The circuit is also able to monitor the battery voltage level which is in charge. And will automatically cut off the charging process when the output terminal detects a certain battery voltage level predetermined. Timer IC NE555 is used to charge and monitor the voltage level in the battery, Pin 5 (IC1) as the control voltage using a reference voltage zener voltage 5.6Volt. Voltage at Pin 6 as the threshold set by VR1 and the voltage at Pin 2 as the trigger is set by VR2.
When the cellphone battery is connected in series (the Charging Process) applied voltage on PIN2 (IC1) as a trigger would be below the value 1 / 3 Vcc and will cause the Flip-Flop in IC1 will ON and on Pin 3 (IC1) will be high (Cause transistor T1 saturation.). When the battery is full (Full Charge) then the voltage will rise and the voltage on the PIN2 (IC1) will be above the level of trigger point threshold. This will cause the Flip Flop OFF and the output will be low (transistor T1 causes the cutoff) and indirectly also the charging process will stop.
Pin 6 (Threshold IC1) is set at 2 / 3 Vcc by using VR1, transistors T1 which is used to increase the charging current. R3 value is very important to provide the charging current, by setting the value of R3 to 39 ohms then the charging current supplied approximately 180mA. This circuit can be built on any type of PCB (General Purpose PCB) for the calibration process using the DC voltage level cutoff Variable Power Supply. Connect the output terminal circuit with Variable DC Power Supply and set on 7 volts. Adjust VR1 in middle position and slowly adjust VR2 until LED1 OFF, this indicates Low Output. LED1 should turn on when the DC Variable Power Supply voltage is reduced below 5V. LED1 Status flame shown in the table below. Closed circuit with plastic casing and use a suitable connector for connecting to the Battery for Mobile.